Triphala: A Versatile Gift of Nature To Cure Different Ailments
Scientific names: Terminalia chebula (Combretaceae family), Terminalia bellerica (Combretaceae family), Emblica officinalis (Euphorbiaceae family)1
Emblica officinalis: Amalaki, amala;
Terminalia bellerica: Bibhitaki, Baheda, Vibhitaka, Aksha, Kaliphala, Bahera, Karnaphala;
Terminalia chebula: Haritaki, Harad, Harre, Vayastha, Haimavati.
Triphala is widely used in the ailment of several disorders due to its multiple pharmacological activities. It is composed of three myrobolans, Terminalia chebula Retz. (Haritaki), Terminalia bellerica Roxb (Bibhitaki), and Emblica officinalis Gaertn (Amalaki).1
Triphala is described as Tridoshic Rasayana, a therapeutic agent with balancing and rejuvenating effects on the three humours or constitutional elements in ayurveda vata, pitta and kapha. Terminalia chebula Retz. (Haritaki), and Terminalia bellerica Roxb have a warm energy, while Emblica officinalis Gaertn (Amalaki) is cool in nature. The triple combination is therefore balanced, making it useful as an internal cleansing, detoxifying formula. It is regarded as an important rasayana and good purgative in Ayurveda medicine. Recipe for this traditional herbal supplement is described in the traditional Indian text, the Charakha and Sushruta Samhita.1
The following are some of the therapeutic activities of Triphala with supporting scientific evidences:
|Therapeutic activity||Scientific evidence|
|Analgesic, antipyretic and ulcerogenic activities||The analgesic, antipyretic and ulcerogenic activities of triphala were proved to be excellent without any gastric damage.1|
|Anticancer||Triphala has shown to significantly reduce the benzo pyrene induced stomach papillomagenesis.
The cytotoxc effects of aqueous extract of triphala have also been investigated on human breast cancer cell lines.1
Exposure of human pancreatic cancerous cells, capan-2 cells to triphala for 24 hours caused a significant decrease in cell survival and induced apoptosis.1
|Gastrointestinal protective||Triphala has historically been used as a digestive aid for constipation. It has antioxidant properties and it is promoted as an herbal combination for good digestion.2
The aqueous extract of Triphala is reported an antigastric ulcer and anti-peptic activity.
Most medical practitioners consider triphala to be the most effective as well as the safest laxative and colon cleanser. Triphala is placid, non-habit forming as well as an efficient revitalizing agent.3
It promotes peristaltic action of the intestinal lining owing to its anthraquinones and other bitters that helps in the movement of food at different levels of the alimentary canal.3
|Anti-aging||Triphala strengthens the different tissues of the body, prevents ageing, promote health and Immunity.4|
|Cardio-protective||Triphala lessens the probability of any type of fat accumulation in the arteries, thereby diminishing the hazards of problems related to the heart that is induced owing to arteriosclerosis.3|
|Immunomodulatory agent||Study by srikumar, et al. have shown that administration of Triphala enhanced the phagocytosis, phagocytosis index, antioxidant activities and decreased corticosterone levels.1|
|Anti-viral||Researchers have reported that Terminalia protects epithelial cells against influenza A virus, supporting the traditional use of Terminalia for aiding in recovery from acute respiratory infections.
Terminalia has alsodemonstrated therapeutic activity against herpes simplex virus (HSV) in in-vivo tests.5
|Anti-bacterial activity||Srikumar et al, confirmed the antibacterial activity of aqueous and ethanol extract of triphala and its individual component against several bacterial species isolated from human immunodeficiency syndrome patients.1|
- Chouhan B, Kumawat RC, Kotecha M, et al., Triphala: A comprehensive ayurvedic review. Int J Res Ayurveda Pharm. 4 (4); 2013: 612-617.
- Krishnaveni M, Mirunalini S. Amla – The role of ayurvedic therapeutic herb in cancer. Asian J Pharm Clin Res, Vol 4, Issue 3, 2011, 1317.
- Maheshwari RK, Rajnee, Chaudhary K, et al. Ingenious Triphala: A Curative Preparation for Healthcare. AJCPR, 2014, Vol.2(2): 175-185
- Kumar A. A review of traditional anticancer nano-medicine: triphala. The Pharma Innovation Journal 2014; 3(7): 60-66.
- Rani B, Prasad M, Yadav RK, et al. Triphala: A versatile counteractive assortment of ailments. International journal of pharmaceutical and chemical sciences. 2013: 2(1); ISSN: 2277-5005.